USING SOLAR ENERGY TO PROVIDE WATER TO THE RURAL POPULATIONS IN GANJAM AND KANDHMAL DISTRICTS OF ORISSA
Geographical Location: Ganjam is a district in the Indian state of Orissa located on the border of Andhra Pradesh.The district headquarters is Chhatrapur, 9 kms away and the closest city is 30 kms away in Bhramapur.
Kandhamal is also a district in the state of Orissa. The district headquarters is Phulbani, 60 kms away.
The issue: Ganjam is one of the 250 most backward districts in India and is currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. Many villages do not have access to conventional electricity and therefore cannot pump water to their homes. They have to walk to the nearest water source to fetch water for their daily needs.
Kandhamal district is dominated by tribal populations, with a majority of them belonging to the Kandha tribe. In 2012 the Times of India reported “Every second family in tribal-dominated district of Kandhamal travel more than 0.5 km to fetch drinking water. The 50.4% houses looking for distanced sources of drinking water in Kandhamal is the highest percentage among 30 districts in the state.” The situation has not improved much since then.
The Project: To install a solar water pumping system, in order to provide a water source in every household in the village. Gram Vikas – an NGO that has been working extensively in Orissa to provide sanitation and clean drinking water to rural populations in remote villages partnered with Sunlit Future to design and implement this system. An overhead tank is built by the NGO in a convenient location in the village where the water is pumped using solar energy and stored. A pipeline to each house is then set up to supply water to every household.
Social Impact: 574 people in Ganjam and 800 people in Kandhmal districts have benefited from this project by having access to clean water at their doorstep.
Project Date: 11 villages in two different districts of Orissa received solar pumping systems in November 2014. This project was completed in 7 days.